This style was a sub-set of the broader Arts & Crafts movement that was divided into two distinct streams of influence. The first of these was the British Arts & Crafts, inspired by the earlier Arts & Crafts movement in Britain. The second was the American Arts & Crafts, based heavily on rural and vernacular styles in Britain and Japan as well as Switzerland.

The Craftsman style was more closely related to the American Arts & Crafts, which matured on the West Coast, particularly in California, and represented a rejection of the classical inspiration of the Edwardian. The British Arts & Crafts style tended to be heavier in appearance, with freer massing and restrained decoration.

What to look for….

Common Elements

  • asymmetrical plans
  • multiple gable end roofs and dormers
  • stucco, shingles, clinker brick, granite, smooth wood trim, and other natural materials
  • rich contrasts in textures and materials American Elements
  • expansive low pitched, gable roofs with deep overhanging eaves
  • exposed structural elements, such as rafter tails, beams and brackets
  • Orientalized California bungalow derived from this style

British Elements

  • some half-timbering carried over from the Tudor style
  • bungalows based on this style were typically taller and came later in Vancouver and Victoria
  • roughcast stucco used as the main wall cladding